Raspa M, Bishop E, Candrilli S, Mitra D, Sacco P, Petrillo J, Bailey D. US caregiver burden in Fragile X syndrome as a function of a health-state utility index. Poster presented at the 2013 ISPOR 16th Annual European Congress; November 2013. Dublin, Ireland. [abstract] Value Health. 2013 Nov; 16(7):A625.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between burden experienced by caregivers of patients with fragile X syndrome (FXS) in the United States and a health state utilities index derived from the Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABCC).

METHODS: A total of 340 US caregivers of children with FXS completed a questionnaire that captured information on FXS-related burden (i.e., specialist visits, medical tests, medications, financial burden, employment status, paid and unpaid caregiving, caregiver injuries, and mental health). Using the ABC-Utility Index (ABC-UI), an estimate of health-related quality-of-life derived from the ABC-C, five utility index categories were created: very low (0.00–0.33); low (0.34–0.66); moderate (0.67–0.77); high (0.78–0.89); and very high (0.90–1.00). After controlling for sex, age, overall ability level, and income, multivariable regression models documented the association between utility score and the nine burden-related outcomes.

RESULTS: Respondents (283 with FXS male child; 57 with FXS female child) were mostly female (91%), Caucasian (92%), and married (84%), with mean age of 50 years. Approximately 2% of individuals with FXS were in the very low utility category, 30.6% low, 27.1% moderate, 37.6% high, and 2.6% very high. The mean utility score was 0.71. Females with FXS and adults ≥ 18 years had higher health utilities. Results from regression models indicate that increasing utility values reduced the likelihood of ≥ 5 (vs. < 5) specialist visits (b= -4.583; p< 0.001) and ≥ 2 (vs. 0 or 1) prescription medications used (b= -4.517; p< .001). Similarly, increasing utility score was associated with a decreased likelihood of ≥ 8 (vs. < 8) hours of unpaid caregiving (b= -2.723; p= 0.003), ≥ 1 (vs. 0 or 1) caregiver injuries (b= -7.540; p< 0.001), and ≥ 1 (vs. 0) mental health provider visits (b= -2.613; p= 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS: The ABC-UI appears to function well as a health-related quality-of-life indicator in individuals with FXS. Among caregivers of patients with FXS in the US, significant differences in burden exist across health state utilities.

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