Martin-Richard M, Gallego R, Pericay C, Garcia Foncillas JG, Queralt B, Casado E, Barriuso J, Iranzo V, Juez I, Visa L, Saigi E, Barnadas A, Garcia-Albeniz X, Maurel J. Multicenter phase II study of oxaliplatin and sorafenib in advanced gastric adenocarcinoma after failure of cisplatin and fluoropyrimidine treatment. A GEMCAD study. Invest New Drugs. 2013 Dec;31(6):1573-9.

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin and fluoropyrimidine (CF) are standard first- line treatment in advanced gastric cancer, but no second-line treatment has yet been established. We present a phase II study in which we evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of the combination of Sorafenib (S), and Oxaliplatin as second-line therapy.

METHODS: Patients with progressive gastric adenocarcinoma after CF- first-line, ECOG 0-2, and measurable disease were included. The primary objective was PFS. Treatment doses were Oxaliplatin 130 mg/m²/3 weeks and Sorafenib 800 mg/bid/d.

RESULTS: We included 40 patients. CR was 2.5% and SD was 47.2%. Grade 3-4 toxic effects were neutropenia (9.8%), thrombocytopenia (7.3%), neurotoxicity (4.9%) and diarrhea (4.9%). Median PFS was 3 months (95%CI: 2.3-4.1) and median OS was 6.5 months (95% CI: 5.2-9.6). Time to progression (TTP) to first line therapy was a prognosis factor. Median OS was 9.7 months when time-to-progression during first-line chemotherapy was >6 months and 5.6 m when it was <6 months (p = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS: Time-to-progression under a CF-based first-line therapy determines subgroups of GC patients with different prognosis. The combination of Oxaliplatin-Sorafenib in advanced GC patients previously treated with CF appears safe, but our results do not support the implementation of a phase III trial.

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