Rees CA, Keating EM, Lukolyo H, Danysh HE, Scheurer ME, Mehta PS, Lubega J, Slone JS, Baylor Pediatric HIV-Related Malignancy Consortium. Mapping the epidemiology of Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma among children in sub-Saharan Africa: a review. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2016 Aug;63(8):1325-31. doi: 10.1002/pbc.26021

Children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of developing Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) compared to HIV-negative children. We compiled currently published epidemiologic data on KS and NHL among children in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Among countries with available data, the median incidence of KS was 2.05/100,000 in the general pediatric population and 67.35/100,000 among HIV-infected children. The median incidence of NHL was 1.98/100,000 among the general pediatric population, while data on NHL incidence among HIV-infected children were lacking. Larger regional studies are needed to better address the dearth of epidemiologic information on pediatric KS and NHL in SSA.

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