McGuinness JE, Trivedi MS, Vanegas A, Colbeth H, Sandoval R, Kukafka R, Crew KD. Decision support for family history intake to determine eligibility for BRCA testing among multiethnic women. J Clin Oncol. 2017 May;35(15_Suppl):1586. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2017.35.15_suppl.1586

BACKGROUND: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that women who meet family history criteria for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) be referred for genetic counseling. However, HBOC genetic testing is under-utilized, particularly among racial/ethnic minorities. We evaluated different methods of family history intake, including a validated family history screener, documentation in the electronic health record (EHR), and a web-based decision aid (DA).

Among women undergoing screening mammography, we administered a validated family history screener to determine eligibility for BRCA genetic testing based upon USPSTF guidelines. We developed a patient-centered DA (RealRisks) which includes modules on breast cancer risk, collection of detailed family history, and information on HBOC genetic testing. Women who met high-risk criteria for breast cancer were enrolled in an intervention trial to determine whether exposure to RealRisks increases referrals for high-risk consultations. BRCA genetic counseling/testing uptake was assessed by self-report and EHR review.

From November 2014 to June 2016, 3077 women completed the family history screener. Median age was 59 years (range, 29-99), including 76% Hispanic, 4% Ashkenazi Jewish, and 60% with a high school education or less. 12% met family history criteria for BRCA genetic testing based upon the family history screener, of which only 5.9% had previously undergone genetic counseling or testing. Sixty high-risk women were enrolled to access RealRisks. When family histories based upon the screener, DA, and EHR were compared, 12 (20%) had discrepancies in number of affected relatives, type of cancer, and age at diagnosis which changed eligibility for BRCA testing. Follow-up is ongoing to determine whether the DA facilitates appropriate referrals for genetic counseling.

CONCLUSIONS: In a population of predominantly Hispanic and less educated women, a large proportion met USPSTF family history criteria for BRCA testing, but uptake of genetic counseling was low. Developing decision support for accurate family history intake is critical to identifying appropriate candidates for genetic referrals.

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