Khan AH, Kosa K, De Prado Gomez L, Whalley D, Kamat S, Clark M. Content validation of patient-reported sleep measures and development of a conceptual model of sleep disturbance in patients with moderate-to-severe, uncontrolled asthma. Patient Relat Outcome Meas. 2023 Mar 23;14:57-71. doi: 10.2147/PROM.S392666

PURPOSE: Sleep disturbance is common in patients with asthma and can lead to subsequent impacts on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Fit-for-purpose patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) assessing asthma-related sleep disturbance and next-day HRQOL impact (next-day impact) are needed to evaluate disease burden and treatment effects.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adults (18– 65 years) from three US clinics were recruited for semistructured interviews. Concept elicitation (CE) identified how asthma affects participants’ sleep and how asthma-related sleep disturbances impact their daily lives, which informed conceptual model development. Cognitive debriefing (CD) of the Asthma Sleep Disturbance Questionnaire (ASDQ), Sleep Diary, and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Sleep-Related Impairment Short Form 8a (PROMIS SRI SF8a) was completed to assess each measure’s content validity.

RESULTS: Twelve individuals participated in two interview rounds (6 individuals per round). Participants most frequently reported asthma-related nighttime awakening and decreased sleep quality and duration. Negative impacts of a poor night’s sleep due to asthma symptoms included feeling tired/fatigue/lack of energy and subsequent negative impacts on physical functioning, emotions and mood, mental functioning, work or volunteerism, and social functioning. Across both rounds of CD interviews, participants generally found the Sleep Diary and PROMIS SRI SF8a items relevant and easy to complete with no modifications. The ASDQ was modified for clarity and consistency.

CONCLUSION: As described in the conceptual model, asthma affects multiple aspects of sleep that can cause next-day fatigue and other subsequent negative HRQOL impacts. This study demonstrates that the ASDQ, Sleep Diary, and PROMIS SRI SF8a items are comprehensive, relevant, and appropriate for patients with moderate-to-severe, uncontrolled asthma. Evaluation of psychometric properties for the ASDQ, Sleep Diary, and PROMIS SRI SF8a based on clinical trial data in patients with moderate-to-severe, uncontrolled asthma will further support their use.

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