Clark M, DiBenedetti D, Perez V. Cognitive dysfunction and work productivity in major depressive disorder. Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res. 2016 Jun 8. doi: 10.1080/14737167.2016.1195688.

Introduction: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is strongly associated with poor work-related outcomes. Cognitive dysfunction is prevalent in MDD, and research supports a correlation between greater depression severity and more pronounced cognitive deficits, which frequently persist after remission.

Areas covered: Given the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction, and the humanistic and economic impact of occupational impairments in individuals with MDD, the relationship between cognitive dysfunction in MDD and work-related outcomes requires characterization. A selective review of the literature was conducted to better understand and further highlight this relationship.

Expert commentary: Although current evidence is limited, MDD-related cognitive dysfunction may have a direct negative impact on work productivity. Presenteeism is the key outcome impacted by cognitive deficits in MDD. Additional well-designed prospective observational research may clarify how cognitive dysfunction influences the MDD–work productivity relationship. Use of reliable, valid, and sensitive measures of cognitive functioning and work productivity in MDD is warranted.

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