Saande CJ, Jones SK, Rowling MJ, Schalinske KL. Whole egg consumption exerts a nephroprotective effect in an acute rodent model of type 1 diabetes. J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Jan 31;66(4):866-70. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04774

Nephropathy is a well-characterized complication of type 1 diabetes (T1D), resulting in proteinuria and urinary loss of micronutrients. We previously found that a whole egg-based diet maintained vitamin D balance in type 2 diabetic rats despite excessive urinary losses due to nephropathy. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of whole egg consumption in T1D rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to T1D or nondiabetic control groups and fed a casein or whole egg-based diet for 32 days. On day 26, two-thirds of the rats received a streptozotocin injection to induce T1D. Whole egg consumption attenuated polyuria, proteinuria, and renal hypertrophy in T1D rats. These data suggest that dietary intervention with whole egg may offer renal protection in T1D.

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