Fortuny J, Kogevinas M, Garcia-Closas M, Real FX, Tardon A, Garcia-Closas R, Serra C, Carrato A, Lloreta J, Rothman N, Villanueva C, Dosemeci M, Malats N, Silverman D. Use of analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, genetic predisposition, and bladder cancer risk in Spain. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006 Sep;15(9):1696-702.

BACKGROUND: We assessed use of nonaspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), aspirin, paracetamol (acetaminophen), phenacetin, and metamizol (dipyrone) and risk of bladder cancer and their interaction with polymorphisms in drug-metabolizing genes.

METHODS: We analyzed personal interview data from 958 incident bladder cancer cases and 1,029 hospital controls from a multicenter case-control study in Spain. A drug matrix was developed to estimate cumulative lifetime dose of active ingredients. Polymorphisms in GSTP1, SULT1A1, CYP2E1, CYP2C9, and NAT2 were examined.

RESULTS: A significant reduction in bladder cancer risk [adjusted odds ratio (OR), 0.4; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.2-0.9] was observed for regular users of nonaspirin NSAIDs compared with never users. Regular users of aspirin experienced no reduction in risk (OR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.7-1.5). Regular users of paracetamol had no overall increased risk of bladder cancer (OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.4-1.3), but our data suggested a qualitative interaction with the GSTP1 I105V genotype. Subjects with at least one copy of the 359L or 144C variant alleles in the NSAID-metabolizing gene CYP2C9 had a slightly decreased risk of bladder cancer (OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.7-1.0; P = 0.037); however, having at least one copy of the 359L or 144C variant alleles did not significantly modify the protective effect of nonaspirin NSAID use.

Regular use of nonaspirin NSAIDs was associated with a reduced risk of bladder cancer, which was not modified by polymorphisms in the NSAID-metabolizing gene CYP2C9. We found no evidence of an overall effect for paracetamol or aspirin use.

Share on: