La EM, Smyth EN, Talbird SE, Li L, Kaye JA, Lin AB, Bowman L. Treatment patterns and health care resource use in patients receiving multiple lines of therapy for metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck in the United Kingdom. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2018 Jun 21;2018:e12862.


This study evaluated the patterns of care and health care resource use (HCRU) in patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) who received ≥3 lines of systemic therapy in the United Kingdom (UK). Oncologists (n = 40) abstracted medical records for patients with metastatic SCCHN who initiated third‐line systemic therapy during 1 January 2011–30 August 2014 (n = 220). Patient characteristics, treatment patterns and SCCHN‐related HCRU were summarised descriptively for the metastatic period; exploratory multivariable regression analyses were conducted on select HCRU outcomes. At metastatic diagnosis, most patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) of 0/1 (95%). For patients with PS 0/1, the most common first‐line treatment was cisplatin+5‐fluorouracil (5‐FU); docetaxel was the most common second‐ and third‐line treatment. For patients with PS ≥ 2, the most common first‐, second‐, and third‐line treatments were carboplatin+5‐FU, cetuximab, and methotrexate, respectively. Most patients received supportive care during (85%) and after (89%) therapy. This study provides useful information, prior to the availability of immunotherapy, on patient characteristics, treatment patterns, HCRU, and survival in a real‐world UK population with metastatic SCCHN receiving ≥3 lines of systemic therapy. Patterns of care and HCRU varied among patients with metastatic SCCHN; specific systemic therapies varied by patient PS.

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