Danese S, Kamble P, Yang J, Le Moine JG, Khan S, Hawe E, Agboton C, Wang S, Irving PM. Systematic literature review and meta-analysis: real-world mucosal healing in Vedolizumab-treated patients with Crohn's disease. GastroHep. 2022 Feb 16. doi: 10.1155/2022/6975416

BACKGROUND: Vedolizumab is a gut-selective monoclonal anti-α4β7-integrin antibody approved for the treatment of adults with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease (CD).

AIM: To conduct a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of published real-world studies examining mucosal healing (MH) rates in patients with CD treated with vedolizumab in routine clinical practice.

METHODS: MEDLINE-, Cochrane-, and EMBASE-indexed publications from January 2014 to January 2020 and 2018-2019 conference abstracts were searched for real-world studies reporting MH-related outcomes in vedolizumab-treated adults with CD. A meta-analysis was conducted in R to generate pooled estimates of MH. The primary analysis included studies reporting point estimates of MH/endoscopic remission as absence of ulcers/erosions and/or Simple Endoscopic Score for CD (SESCD) cut − points < 4, at 6 and 12 months.

RESULTS: The systematic literature review included 36 studies, predominantly of antitumour necrosis factor-experienced patients. MH and endoscopic remission were the most frequently reported endpoints. MH rates were 10.1%-46.0% at 6 months (ten studies) and 21.2%-62.5% at 12 months (eight studies). Fifteen studies defining MH as absence of ulcers/erosions and/or SES-CD cut − points < 4 were included for meta-analysis. Pooled MH rates for the primary analysis were 31.8% at 6 months (95% confidence interval (CI): 25.6-38.3; five studies, N = 223) and 33.4% at 12 months (95% CI: 25.9-41.4; three studies, N = 151).

CONCLUSION: Approximately one-third of vedolizumab-treated patients with CD achieved MH at both 6 and 12 months in real-world clinical settings, despite utilisation in largely biologic-refractory patients. These findings confirm the effectiveness of vedolizumab for achieving MH in patients with CD.

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