Fuertes Abardia C, Ballesta Juan P, Cruz Esteve I, Galindo Ortego G, Marsal Mora JR, Gomez-Arbones X. Potentially inappropriate prescribing: usefulness of STOPP/START criteria version 2 in Catalonian elderly population. Semergen. 2022 Apr;48(3):163-73. doi: 10.1016/j.semerg.2021.09.005

OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) among the elderly population in Catalonia using criteria Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment (STOPP/START) version 2. In addition, to evaluate the association between PIP and several factors (polypharmacy, gender, age and sociodemographic conditions).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Design: Retrospective cross sectional population study.

SETTINGS: Primary Health Care, Catalonia, Spain.

PARTICIPANTS: The study population comprised of participants 70 years old and over, who attended primary health care centres in Catalonia in 2014 (700.058 patients).

MAIN ANALYSIS: 55 STOPP and 19 START criteria are applied to analyse PIP prevalence. Logistic regression models are adjusted to determine PIP association with several factors.

RESULTS: The mean age is 79. 2±6.5. 58.5% being female. 38.7% of patients have 7 or more prescribed drugs, whereas 50% go to a primary care centre 10 or more times during one year. The most frequent PIP among STOPP criteria are related to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug intake, antiplatelet and anticoagulants use, and benzodiazepines. According to START, the most frequent omissions are vitamin D and calcium supplements, antidepressants, and cardiovascular medications. Factors that increase PIP are: female gender, living in a nursing home, receiving home health care, polypharmacy and frequent visits to primary care centres.

CONCLUSIONS: The overall prevalence of PIP is 89.6%. PPI is significantly related to certain drugs and patient's conditions. The knowledge of this association is important for the implementation of security measures for medical prescription.

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