Janssen E, Smith I, Liu X, Mansfield C, Pierce A, Huang Q, Kalsekar I. Patient preferences for lung cancer interception therapy. Poster presented at the ISPOR 2023 Conference; May 7, 2023. Boston, MA. [abstract] Value Health. 2023 Jun; 26(6 supplement):S343. doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2023.03.1943

OBJECTIVES: Interception therapy requires an individual to take a treatment today to prevent a future medical event. Patients must trade off treatment burdens incurred today against future benefits. We examined the preferences of high-risk lung cancer (LC) individuals for potential interception therapies that reduce the risk of developing lung cancer.

METHODS: An online discrete-choice experiment (DCE) was developed for hypothetical LC interception treatments with four attributes: reduction in risk of LC over 3 years, injection site reaction severity, nonfatal serious infection risk, and death from serious infection risk. Respondents chose between two alternative treatments or a no-treatment option. The DCE was analyzed using random-parameters logit, and maximum acceptable risk for an LC risk reduction was calculated. Logit analysis explored characteristics of respondents who always selected no treatment.

RESULTS: The sample included 803 adults aged 50-80 years with at least a 20 pack-year smoking history. Respondents had an average willingness to accept interception therapy (alternative-specific constant=1.30, 95% CI: 0.91-1.69). Respondents viewed larger reductions in the risk of LC as most important. Respondents were willing to accept increases in risk of nonfatal serious infection up to 15% for a 15% improvement in relative LC risk reduction and increases in risk of death from serious infection up to 1.5% for a 23% improvement in relative LC risk reduction. However, 16% of respondents selected ‘no treatment’ for all DCE questions. Older respondents, current smokers who have never tried to quit, and those who did not get regular skin exams for cancer and/or COVID-19 vaccine were more likely to opt out of interception therapy.

CONCLUSIONS: Generally, individuals at high risk of LC are willing to consider interception therapy. Study results can support benefit-risk assessments for future systemic LC interception treatments, and the results may have implications for other therapeutic areas.

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