Anderson-Smits C, Ritchey ME, Huang Z, Chavan S, Souayah N, Ay H, Layton BJ. Intravenous immunoglobulin treatment patterns and outcomes in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy: a US claims database analysis. Neurol Ther. 2023 Aug;12(4):1119-32. doi: 10.1007/s40120-023-00478-5

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a rare, progressive, or relapsing inflammatory disease. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is recommended as a first-line therapy. The aim of this study was to describe real-world treatment patterns and outcomes of patients with CIDP in the United States initiating IVIG treatment.

METHODS: This cohort study used health insurance claims data from the IBM MarketScan Research Databases (2008-2018). Adult patients (≥ 18 years old) with CIDP without prior immunoglobulin treatment were identified using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) codes, and patients subsequently initiating IVIG were included in the analysis. Real-world IVIG treatment patterns and treatment and safety outcomes (assessed via ICD codes) were described.

RESULTS: In total, 3975 patients (median age: 58 years) with CIDP who initiated IVIG were identified. After the initial IVIG loading period, patients received IVIG at a median dosing interval of 21 days (quartile [Q]1, Q3: 7, 28), and continued treatment for a median of 129 days (Q1, Q3: 85, 271). After the 2-year follow-up period, 55% of patients had discontinued all IVIG treatment; more than one-half of these discontinuations occurred within 4 months. Diagnoses of impaired functional status were evident in > 30% of patients at baseline, but at lower rates during follow-up. Rates of new-onset safety outcomes after IVIG treatment were low.

CONCLUSIONS: This real-world analysis of IVIG treatment patterns and treatment and safety outcomes of patients with CIDP who initiated IVIG highlights the unmet need for improved long-term management. Further research is needed to evaluate the use of functional status measures as endpoints for immunoglobulin treatment effectiveness.

Share on: