Kiladjian J-J, Gisslinger H, Passamonti F, Niederwieser D, Mendelson E, Sirulnik LA, Copley-Merriman K, Zhou X, Levy RS, Knoops L, Cervantes F, Barbui T, Barosi G, Vannucchi AM, Harrison CN. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptom burden in patients (Pts) with myelofibrosis (MF) in the COMFORT-II study. Poster presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO); June 1, 2012. Chicago, IL. [abstract] J Clin Oncol. 2012 Jun 1; 30(15_suppl):6626. doi: 10.1200/jco.2012.30.15_suppl.6626

Background: Ruxolitinib has demonstrated rapid and durable reductions in splenomegaly and improved disease-related symptoms and QoL in 2 phase 3 studies (COMFORT-I and -II) in pts with primary MF (PMF), post-polycythemia vera-MF (PPV-MF), or post-essential thrombocythemia-MF (PET-MF). The prevalence of individual symptoms among these pts has not been defined. We evaluated the baseline HRQoL and symptoms among pts enrolled in COMFORT-II.

Methods: COMFORT-II is a randomized, open-label, multicenter, phase 3 study comparing ruxolitinib with best available therapy. HRQoL and symptoms were assessed at baseline using the European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire–Core 30 (EORTC QLQ‑C30) and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy–Lymphoma (FACT‑Lym); this analysis summarizes these scores for all pts, regardless of assigned treatment.

Results: In COMFORT-II (N = 219), 52% of pts were aged > 65 years and 57% were male. By IPSS criteria (Cervantes et al. 2009), 40% had intermediate-2 and 60% had high-risk MF. Mean (95% CI) EORTC global health status/QoL (53.7 [50.6-56.7]; median, 50.0) and FACT-General total scores (73.0 [70.8-75.2]) were comparable to those for pts of similar age with other cancers (Oliva et al. 2011: median global health status score of 50 for acute myeloid leukemia [AML]). The most frequent symptoms (reported as “quite a bit” or “very much”) were fatigue (54%), dyspnea (30%), insomnia (30%), pain (29%), night sweats (23%), and itching (21%), and there were differences in baseline symptoms across MF subtypes (Table).

Conclusions: This analysis shows that pts with MF experience severe disease-related symptoms and have diminished HRQoL similar to pts with AML, but because pts with MF have a longer life expectancy (an average of 2.3 to 4 years for high and intermediate-2 risk pts, respectively), they may suffer with a reduced QoL for many years.

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