Kawai AT, Martin D, Kulldorff M, Li L, Cole DV, McMahill-Walraven CN, Selvam N, Selvan MS, Lee GM. Febrile seizures after 2010-2011 trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine. Pediatrics. 2015 Oct;136(4):e848-855. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-0635

OBJECTIVES: In the Post-Licensure Rapid Immunization Safety Monitoring Program, we examined risk of febrile seizures (FS) after trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) during the 2010-2011 influenza season, adjusted for concomitant diphtheria tetanus acellular pertussis-containing vaccines (DTaP). Assuming children would receive both vaccines, we examined whether same-day TIV and PCV13 vaccination was associated with greater FS risk when compared with separate-day vaccination.

METHODS: We used a self-controlled risk interval design, comparing the FS rate in a risk interval (0-1 days) versus control interval (14-20 days). Vaccinations were identified in claims and immunization registry data. FS were confirmed with medical records.

RESULTS: No statistically significant TIV-FS associations were found in unadjusted or adjusted models (incidence rate ratio [IRR] adjusted for age, seasonality, and concomitant PCV13 and DTaP: 1.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.78 to 2.39). Adjusted for age and seasonality, PCV13 was significantly associated with FS (IRR 1.74, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.86), but not when further adjusting for concomitant TIV and DTaP (IRR 1.61, 95% CI 0.91 to 2.82). Same-day TIV and PCV13 vaccination was not associated with excess risk of FS when compared with separate-day vaccination (1.08 fewer FS per 100 000 with same day administration, 95% CI -5.68 to 6.09).

CONCLUSIONS: No statistically significant increased risk of FS was found for 2010-2011 TIV or PCV13, when adjusting for concomitant vaccines. Same-day TIV and PCV13 vaccination was not associated with more FS compared with separate-day vaccination.

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