Saxena K, Sawhney B, Yande S, Kathe N, Chatterjee S. The burden of cervical conization in privately insured young and mid-adult women in the United States. Vaccines-Basel. 2023 Apr 5;11(4):804. doi: 10.3390/vaccines11040804


In 2019, the United States (US) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended that healthcare providers engage in shared clinical decision making for adults aged 27-45 who may benefit from HPV vaccination. However, it is difficult to assess these benefits as there is a lack of data on HPV burden on young and mid-adult women. This analysis estimates the incidence of conization and the burden associated with treating pre-cancerous states related to HPV with a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or a cold knife conization (CKC) among commercially insured women aged 18-45. This retrospective cohort study used the IBM MarketScan commercial claims encounter database for women aged 18-45 treated with conization. We assessed the annual incidence of conization (2016-2019) and adjusted the two-year health care costs post-conization using a multivariable Generalized Linear Model (GLM)-accounting for follow-up time and other characteristics-stratified by the age groups, namely 18-26 and 27-45. The inclusion criteria were met by 6735 women, with a mean age of 33.9 years (SD = 6.2). Conization incidence was lowest for women aged 18-26 (41/100,000 to 62/100,000 women-years) and highest for women aged 31-35 (243/100,000 to 269/100,000). The GLM-adjusted, all-cause healthcare costs per patient per year were USD 7279 and USD 9249 in the 18-26 and 27-45 age groups, respectively. The adjusted costs for disease-specific care were USD 3609 and USD 4557 for women ages 18-26 and 27-45, respectively. The burden of conization and the associated costs were significant, indicating a potential healthcare benefit of HPV vaccination among young and middle-aged women.

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