Mazurek M, Halperin JL, Huisman MV, Diener HC, Dubner SJ, Ma CS, Rothman KJ, Healey JS, Teutsch C, Paquette M, Franca LR, Lu S, Bartels DB, Lip GYH. Antithrombotic treatment for newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation in relation to patient age: the GLORIA-AF registry programme. Europace. 2020 Jan 1;22(1):47-57. doi: 10.1093/europace/euz278

AIMS: To assess antithrombotic therapy choices in relation to patient age in a large, global registry on atrial fibrillation (AF).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Global Registry on Long-Term Oral Antithrombotic Treatment in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (GLORIA-AF) is an international programme involving patients with newly diagnosed AF and ≥1 risk factors for stroke. We used Phase II data (from November 2011 through December 2014), which commenced immediately following first non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) approval in participating countries. Of 15 092 patients (mean age 70.5 ± 11.0 years), enrolled at 982 centres, 26.9% were aged <65 years, 33.9% 65-74, 30.5% 75-84, and 8.6% ≥85 years old. Oral anticoagulant (OAC) use was 73.5%, 81.4%, 83.3%, and 82.3% (overall NOACs use was 44.4%, 49.7%, 48.7%, and 45.6%) for those aged <65, 65-74, 75-84 and ≥85 years, respectively. Corresponding proportions for antiplatelet monotherapy and no treatment were: 16.2% and 10.2%; 11.2% and 7.3%; 10.0% and 6.5%; 10.5% and 7.0%, respectively. Of those aged 65-74, 75-84, and ≥85 years, respectively, 83.7, 86.8 and 85.4% received OAC unless bleeding risk was high (HAS-BLED ≥3), whereby 64.1%, 63.5%, and 64.5% were anticoagulated, and 31.1%, 30.3%, and 31.3% received antiplatelets only. Of patients ≥85 years, OAC use was 88.1% in Europe (NOAC 45.1%), 79.5% in North America (NOAC 44.8%), and 54.1% in Asia (NOAC 40.2%).

CONCLUSION: Despite geographic differences in OAC use, neither OAC nor NOAC uptake was lower for patients ≥85 years old compared with younger patients. Although the majority of patients was prescribed OAC at all ages, nearly one-third received antiplatelet monotherapy when bleeding risk was increased.

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