Fishman J, Anderson S, Talbird SE, Dingli D. Analysis of costs per responder in US adults with a paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria with suboptimal response to prior eculizumab treatment. Hematol Rep. 2023 Oct 13;15(4):578-91. doi: 10.3390/hematolrep15040060

European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) hematologic response categories comprehensively assess complement inhibitor responses in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). Using data from the 16-week randomized controlled period of the phase 3 PEGASUS trial (N = 80), we estimated the treatment cost per responder by the EBMT response category for pegcetacoplan and eculizumab in adults with PNH and a suboptimal response to eculizumab. Average drug costs per responder, number needed to treat, and incremental drug costs per responder were estimated using dosages administered during the trial (base case). A US payer perspective (2020 US dollars) was used. Scenario analyses were conducted for various costs, dosages, treatment durations, patient populations, and settings. In total, 30 of 41 (73%) who switched to pegcetacoplan and 2 of 39 (5%) patients who continued eculizumab had a good, major, or complete response (good-to-complete responders) at Week 16. Average weekly drug costs per good-to-complete responder were USD 15,923 with pegcetacoplan and USD 216,100 with eculizumab; average weekly drug costs per patient were USD 11,651 and USD 11,082, respectively. Average drug costs per good-to-complete responder with pegcetacoplan were similar across complement inhibitor-naïve populations and were consistently lower than with eculizumab. Switching from eculizumab to pegcetacoplan allowed more patients with a suboptimal response to attain a good-to-complete response at lower costs. These results apply to patients with a suboptimal response to prior eculizumab treatment only.

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