Mansfield AJ, Bender RH, Hourani LL, Larson GE. Suicidal or self-harming ideation in military personnel transitioning to civilian life. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2011 Aug;41(4):392-405. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00039.x

Suicides have markedly increased among military personnel in recent years. We used path analysis to examine factors associated with suicidal/self-harming ideation among male Navy and Marine Corps personnel transitioning to civilian life. Roughly 7% of men (Sailors = 5.3%, Marines = 9.0%) reported ideation during the previous 30 days. Results suggest that combat exposure, substance abuse, and resilience are associated with suicidal ideation/self-harming thoughts through the mediation of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and/or depression symptoms. Substance abuse plays a moderating role. Resilience had a direct effect only among the Marines. Implications for improving the transition to civilian life are discussed.

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