DiSantostefano RL, Sutphin J, Hedrick JA, Klein K, Mansfield C. Parent preferences for delaying insulin dependence in children at risk of Stage III Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2020 Jan 23. doi: 10.1089/dia.2019.0444.

BACKGROUND: Autoantibody screening in type 1 diabetes (T1D) may reduce the chances of potentially life-threatening diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at diagnosis by allowing individuals at risk of progression to more actively monitor for and/or manage progression to insulin dependence. We investigated parents’ preferences for treatments to delay the onset of insulin dependence in children who are at high risk of developing Stage III T1D.

A web-based survey (n=1,501) was administered to a stratified sample of parents (children <18 years) in the United States from an online panel. Parents were told to hypothetically assume that their youngest child would become insulin dependent within 6 months or 2 years and were offered a series of choices between no treatment and two hypothetical treatments that would delay insulin dependence. Random-parameters logit analysis and maximum acceptable risks were used to evaluate the relative importance of treatment benefits and risks.

RESULTS: Most parents chose at least one active treatment (2% always chose monitoring only). For parents of children without T1D (n=901), delaying insulin dependence and reducing the risk of long-term health complications and serious infection were the most important treatment attributes. In addition, parents of children with T1D (n=600) also valued reducing the risk of hospitalizations due to DKA.

CONCLUSIONS: When told to assume their child would develop Stage III T1D, most parents considered active treatments to delay progression. For medicines under development to delay insulin dependence in T1D, the preferences expressed in this survey provide guidance on acceptable benefit-risk tradeoffs.

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