Ren CL, Konstan MW, Yegin A, Rasouliyan L, Trzaskoma B, Morgan WJ, Regelmann W, Scientific Advisory Group, Investigators and Coordinators of the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis. Multiple antibiotic-resistent pseudomonas aeruginosa and lung function decline in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Cyst Fibros. 2012 Jul;11(4):293-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcf.2012.02.005.

BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to determine the association of multiple antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MARPA) acquisition with lung function decline in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF).

METHODS: Using data from Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis (ESCF), we identified patients with spirometry data and MARPA, defined as PA (1) resistant to gentamicin and either tobramycin or amikacin, and (2) resistant to greater than or equal to 1 antipseudomonal beta lactam. MARPA had to be detected in a respiratory culture after greater than or equal to 2 years of PA-positive but MARPA-negative respiratory cultures. Multivariable piecewise linear regression was performed to model the annual rate of decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)) % predicted 2 calendar years before and after the index year of MARPA detection, adjusting for patient characteristics and CF therapies.

RESULTS: In total, 4349 patients with chronic PA and adequate PFT data were identified; 1111 subsequently developed MARPA, while 3238 patients were PA positive but MARPA negative. Compared with patients who did not acquire MARPA, MARPA-positive patients had lower FEV(1) and received more oral (p less than 0.013) and inhaled (p less than 0.001) antibiotic therapy. Mean FEV(1) decline did not change significantly after MARPA detection (-2.22% predicted/year before detection and -2.43 after, p=0.45). There was no relationship between persistent infection or FEV(1) quartile and FEV(1) decline.

CONCLUSIONS: Newly detected MARPA was not associated with a significant change in the rate of FEV(1) decline. These results suggest that MARPA is more likely to be a marker of more severe disease and more intensive therapy, and less likely to be contributing independently to more rapid lung function decline.

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