Ruiz A, Molina JM, Njue AI, Prichard RK. Genetic variability in cysteine protease genes of Haemonchus contortus. Parasitology. 2004 May;128(Pt 5):549-59.

AbstractTo increase the existentgeneticvariabilityincysteineproteases, a polymorphism study was performed inHaemonchuscontortusby comparing 2 different strains of the parasite: North American (NA) and Spanish (SP) strains. For this purpose, the polymorphism of 5 previously reportedgenes(AC-1, AC-3, AC-4, AC-5 and GCP-7) were analysed by PCR-SSCP and sequencing procedures. Based on the SSCP results, a total of 20 different alleles were identified for the 5 loci assessed. Except locus AC-5, all the loci were polymorphic. Loci AC-1, AC-3, AC-4 and GCP-7 showed 5, 8, 2 and 4 alleles, respectively. The allelic frequencies ranged from 0.0070 to 0.8560 and were significantly different between strains. In addition, nucleotide diversity analyses showed a significant variation within and between strains. The variations in the nucleotide sequence of the different alleles were translated in some cases into changes in the amino acid sequence. Evidence ofgeneticvariabilityincysteineproteases from two different strains of H.contortusfor the same set ofgeneshad not been previously reported.

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